Friday, May 15, 2009

Government offers mortgage help

New government programs may be good news for homeowners who want to refinance or obtain a loan modification.

Homeowners who want to refinance their mortgage or need help to obtain a loan modification may be cheered by several recent federal government announcements.

The Federal Reserve said it will keep the benchmark federal funds rate at zero to 0.25 percent. The low target rate is good news for borrowers who have an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) or want to refinance, even though the Fed doesn't directly control the interest rates that borrowers pay on their loans.

These low interest rates may not be fleeting. The Fed said it expects "exceptionally low" rates to continue for "an extended period" due to current economic conditions. That's good news for buyers who need time to shop for a home and a loan.

The Fed also reiterated its plans to buy up to $1.25 trillion of mortgage-backed securities, $300 billion of Treasury securities and $200 billion of other debt instruments this year. These purchases are intended to "support to mortgage lending and housing markets," among other objectives, the Fed said in its statement.

Second loans to be modified
Meanwhile, the U.S. Treasury announced a new Second Lien Program that will lower the payment on some homeowners' second mortgages. This program is intended to help homeowners who are in danger of foreclosure qualify for a loan modification through the Making Home Affordable program. Second mortgages can create significant challenges in these situations.

The Making Home Affordable program also has a refinance component that's open to borrowers whose loan is owned or guaranteed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. Through this program, homeowners may be able to refinance even if they owe slightly more than their home is worth.

A dozen or so lenders have signed formal agreements to offer the Making Home Affordable programs.

Loan principal may be reduced
The Treasury also announced a program that would require loan servicers to offer the existing Hope for Homeowners program to more borrowers who apply for the Home Affordable Modification program. Hope for Homeowners is a government program that helps to create equity for homeowners, so they can refinance into a new loan that's guaranteed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).

Home buyers score tax credit
For home buyers, the federal government offers an $8,000 tax credit. The credit can be taken by taxpayers who purchase a home between Jan. 1, 2009, and Nov. 30, 2009, and have not owned a home in the last three years. The credit does not have to be repaid and can be claimed on the taxpayer's 2008 or 2009 tax return. The credit is subject to income limits and is phased out for higher-income earners.

Thursday, May 14, 2009

Obama administration to expand housing plan

From yahoo:

WASHINGTON – The Obama administration is expected to expand its mortgage aid program on Thursday, announcing new measures that would help homeowners avoid a blemished credit record even if they don't qualify for other assistance.

The new initiatives are expected to include ways to allow borrowers to avoid foreclosure by selling their properties or giving them back to lenders, according to people briefed on the plan who declined to be identified because it has yet to be announced.

One way would be to encourage a "short sale," in which the home is sold for less than the amount owed on the mortgage but the lender considers the debt paid off. Another option is a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure — in which the borrower gives the property to the lender to satisfy a delinquent loan and to avoid foreclosure proceedings.

Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun Donovan are scheduled to appear Thursday morning with some borrowers who have benefited from the government's housing aid program launched in March. An administration official said more than 55,000 offers have been made to modify borrowers' loans in its first two months.

Short sales are often seen as preferable to foreclosure because they don't harm a borrowers' credit record as much as a foreclosure, but real estate agents have complained that the process can drag out for months.

"The problem is it's never clear who in a bank has the authority to approve a short sale," said Howard Glaser, a mortgage industry consultant in Washington and a former HUD official. Federal standards "would speed the process for buyers and sellers by making it more efficient."

The administration estimated earlier this year that as many as 9 million borrowers will be helped through its "Making Home Affordable" initiative, including up to 5 million borrowers who are refinancing loans and 4 million who are modifying mortgages at lower monthly payments.

So far, 14 companies representing about three quarters of the mortgage market have signed up and are in line to pocket a portion of $50 billion in incentives to lower borrowers' monthly payments so they can stay in their homes.

"We are confident that banks and servicers will move as quickly as possible to modify these loans to avert additional foreclosures in the coming months," Donovan said earlier this week.

Meanwhile, the pace of the foreclosure crisis continues to accelerate.

The number of U.S. households faced with losing their homes to foreclosure jumped 32 percent in April compared with the same month last year, with Nevada, Florida and California showing the highest rates, foreclosure listing service RealtyTrac Inc. said Wednesday.

More than 342,000 households received at least one foreclosure-related notice in April. That means one in every 374 U.S. housing units received a foreclosure filing last month, the highest monthly rate since Irvine, Calif.-based RealtyTrac began its report in January 2005.

April was the second straight month that more than 300,000 households received a foreclosure filing, as the number of borrowers with mortgage troubles failed to abate.

The April number, however, was less than 1 percent above that posted in March, when more than 340,000 properties were affected.

Wednesday, May 6, 2009

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